The blast at the Ixtoc oil well off the coast of Mexico in caused the largest ever peacetime oil spill – and has similarities to the current spill. On June 3, , the Ixtoc I exploratory well in the Bay of Campeche, blew out. It was finally capped on March 23, , days later, but during that time On June 3, the Ixtoc I,located in the Bay of Campeche in the Gulf of Mexico, exploded and caught fire at AM. The Ixtoc oil spill.

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Pubmed Abstract Pubmed Full Text. I know what people say in the U.

Suggest a Research Topic. Fishing was banned or restricted by Mexican authorities in contaminated areas north and south of the well.

The acute and chronic effects of wastes associated with offshore oil and gas production on temperate ictoc tropical marine ecological processes. The sinking of the Deepwater Ixxtoc oil platform in the deep-waters of the northern Gulf of Mexico, in rekindled our concern for the significant risk involved for human lives and the health of shallow and deep marine habitats. Recent laboratory toxicity tests suggest that the chemical dispersants increase the oil toxicity causing membrane damage in diatom cells Hook and Osborn, Retrieved 14 July An oil dispersal model was developed in order to predict the direction of the plume and to implement a prevention plan in potential coastal areas that could receive weathered fossil hydrocarbons from the Ixtoc-I.

An Almost Forgotten Oil Spill

However, egg production from the spawned pool appears to be the main problem toward computing recruitment in tropical coastal demersal communities. It wasn’t until the lates that the population of Kemp’s Ridley turtles, which lay a couple of hundred eggs a year, as opposed to the millions produced by shrimp, ixotc recovering. Oil residues and chemical dispersants are known to persist in the marine environment for many years Kingston, Ixtoc I oil well releasing thousands of metric tons of oil into the gulf.


Hydrocarbon mineralization in sediments and plasmid incidence in sediment bacteria from the Campeche Bank. The area of Campeche is ixttoc excellent habitat that has traditionally supported the commercial exploitation of demersal resources since The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice.

Ixtoc I oil spill

The Gaketa Oil Spill. In the particular case of the Ixtoc-I oil blowout, the reconstruction of ecological scenarios to assess the environmental damages detected in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico is a major challenge. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. For two months the oil crept along the western Gulf, paving Mexican beaches with a chocolate-colored ribbon—an emulsion of crude oil and seawater—that was 15 feet wide and up to a foot thick.

However, such operations are presumably being conducted under a better legal framework focused on preserving the health of the ecosystem. It was a time of rising prices in energy and lines at gas stations; the demand for oil was great. All other rights, including commercial rights, iztoc reserved to the author.

The offshore oil platforms are also a source of chronic and accidental hydrocarbon input.

Mexicans still haunted by Ixtoc spill – BBC News

Due to its high biodiversity, living resources, urban and industrial expansion and energy resources, this region ixtof been considered strategic in the national plans for the social and economic development of Mexico.


From a strictly environmental perspective, the Ixtoc-I blowout experience u served as an example of the imperative need to strengthen the prevention and emergency procedures of the international oil and gas operations in offshore waters. Without the counter-pressure provided by the circulating mud, the pressure in the formation allowed oil to fill the well column, blowing out the well.

Interestingly, prior and after the Ixtoc-I event, Botello and Villanueva reported on the concentrations of total hydrocarbons THC in sediments and biota from Campeche Sound, using glass capillary gas chromatography. Estudio de Estadoeds Univ.

However, offshore waters and sediments adjacent to oil rigs exhibited the highest percentages, thus emphasizing their vital role as the main idtoc of fossil fuels in the SW Gulf of Mexico.

Ixxtoc the light of this brief recounting of facts, events and decisions made at the outset of the oil-spill accident, an undeniable truth emerged from all this: Archived from the original on 12 April They reported a significant decrease local and seasonal in biomass, primary productivity and diversity index.

However, there seems to be a consensus in accepting that chronic oil pollution is eventually more harmful to the environment of Campeche Sound, southwestern Gulf of Mexico, than accidental oil spills.

One may infer then that the observed sequential changes described in the community structure of plankton by Licea et al.