Volume I. The Apostolic Fathers with Justin Martyr and Irenaeus Clement of Rome, Mathetes, Polycarp, Ignatius, Barnabas, Papias, Justin Martyr, Irenaeus What really happened at Nicea: all the ancient sources. Konsili Nicaea 1 . The bishops assembled at Nicaea, who constitute the great and holy synod, greet the church of the Alexandrians, by the grace of God holy.
|Published (Last):||20 October 2005|
|PDF File Size:||5.34 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||10.90 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Canon lawCollections of ancient canonsand Promulgation canon law.
Also for the first time, the Emperor played a role, by calling together the bishops under his authority, and using the power of the state to give the council’s orders effect. History of the Konsiil Church.
However, Nicene Christianity did not become the state religion of the Roman Empire until the Edict of Thessalonica in Some of the synods are doubtful or imaginary. After being in session for an entire month, the council promulgated on 19 June the original Nicene Creed.
But when some of the more shocking passages from his writings were read, they were almost universally seen as blasphemous.
First Council of Nicaea
These are the additional possible references: In Rome, for example, the Apostles’ Creed was popular, especially for use in Lent and the Easter season.
Preterist Archive website Retrieved 2 April But if anyone in good health has castrated himself, if he is enrolled among the clergy he should be suspended, and in future no such man should be promoted. Accordingly, in order that there may be proper opportunity for inquiry into the matter, it is agreed that it would be well for synods to be held each year in each province twice a year, so that these inquiries may be conducted by all the bishops of the province assembled together, and in this way by general consent those who have offended against their own bishop may be recognised by all to be reasonably excommunicated, until all the bishops in common may decide to pronounce a more lenient sentence on these persons.
AriusArianismand Arian controversy.
Rome was named only for illustration; and Antioch and all the other eparchies or provinces were secured their admitted rights. When first informed of the unrest in Alexandria due to the Arian disputes, he konsjli “greatly troubled” and, “rebuked” both Arius and Bishop Alexander for originating the disturbance and allowing it to become public.
They insisted that such a view was in contravention of such Scriptures as “I and the Father are one”  and “the Word was God”,  as such verses were interpreted. We also send you the good news of the settlement concerning the holy pasch, namely that in answer to your prayers this question also has been resolved. Basil over the Nicene Creed. A series of statements on this subject — apparently from his imagination — appear in his work The Age of Reason.
A Syriac manuscript lists the names of the eastern bishops which included twenty two from Coele-Syria, nineteen from Palestine, ten from Phoenicia, six from Arabia, etc. Arius himself returned to Constantinople to be readmitted into the Church, but died shortly before he could be received.
The opponents were soon reduced to two, Theonas of Marmarica and Secundus of Ptolemais, who were exiled and anathematized. In spite of his sympathy for Arius, Eusebius of Caesarea adhered to the decisions of the council, accepting the entire creed. They declared, as did Athanasius,  that the Son had no beginning, but had an “eternal derivation” from the Father, and therefore was coeternal with him, and equal to God in all aspects.
All the brethren in the East who have hitherto followed the Jewish practice will henceforth observe the custom of the Romans and of yourselves and of all of us who from ancient times have kept Easter together with you. Nor shall permission be given for the deacons to sit among the presbyters, for such an arrangement is contrary to the canon jonsili to rank.
Ecclesiae Occidentalis monumenta iuris antiquissima, vol. Mosaic of Christ PantocratorHagia Sophia. Arius’s argument was that the Son was God’s very first production, before all ages, the position being that the Son had a beginning, and that only the Father has konsii beginning.
First Council of Nicaea – Wikipedia
In the short-term, however, the council did not completely solve the problems it was convened to discuss and a period of conflict and upheaval continued for some time. The canonical and apocryphal books it distinguished in the following manner: Index Outline Lists of Catholics.
One purpose of the council was to resolve disagreements arising from within the Church of Alexandria over the nature of the Son in his relationship to the Father: Those who wish to check further may wish to consult nice standard reference collection in Latin of all the known documentation of councils of every kind:.
Bird,Liverpool University Press ].